In 1866/-67, a sturdy lighthouse with a solid reinforced stone and mortar foundation was built on a slippery, rounded-off skerry in the middle of the shipping lane.
Stabben Lighthouse has been renovated in the recent years. The offer to the public is still limited at the lighthouse due to the renovation. The pier by the lighthouse is in poor condition and it might damage the boat when it is not quiet at sea. Visits and overnight stays might be arranged by appointment. Please contact the organization responsible for the lighthouse, Flora Kystkulturlag, for more information by emailing email@example.com or calling +47 416 01 070.
The timber house measuring 12 by 8.3 metres with its foundation wall consisting of 108 cargos of stone, occupies practically every square foot of the skerry. Towards the northwest, where the skerry is most exposed to the ocean through the Hellefjord, the foundation wall is built like a ship's bow to minimize the effect of the breakers. The lighthouse has a characteristic shape, and it has become a landmark and a popular motif for artists and photographers ever since it was completed some 150 years ago.
With the lighthouse at Kinnasundet (also built in 1867, but closed down in 1913), the Stabben lighthouse was the first lighthouse to be built in the Sunnfjord region. Consequently, this meant that there were lighthouses both along the outer and inner shipping lanes when the great spring herring fisheries were coming to an end.
The reason why the lighthouse was built was the dangerous and treacherous waters with extremely strong currents. This was most likely one of the most difficult navigational points along the Norwegian coastline, which is highly evident in the many ships that went down or ran aground, even after the lighthouse became operational. The first journals have been lost, but there are more than enough incidents reported.
In 1889, a "jakt" ran aground with such a force on the lighthouse skerry that one of its booms drilled a hole in the lighthouse wall, and part of the rigging was entangled in the hoisting crane. The following year the S/S Fiskaren ran aground at full speed. The crew was saved but the ship was lost. They had not paid enough attention to the strong currents. In 1910, "Astrea" ran aground on the Grasskjeret skerry, and in 1920, "Emma Sauber" ran aground on Stabben. Some shipwrecks from the inter-war period may supplement a much longer list. 1918: "Factor". 1923: "Cymric Vale". 1929: "Hofplein". 1932: "Heinrich Beermann". 1936: "Emma Reimer". 1938: "Gaa Paa". Three ships ran aground on Stabben itself: "Liv" in 1918 and "Kvalen" in 1931, besides the previously mentioned "Emma Sauber" in a raging storm on 26 January, 1920.
The lighthouse became operational on 1 October, 1867. In 1905, some changes were made, the wooden tower was made bigger, and the luminous intensity of the lantern was improved with a 4th order lens. Screening with eight sectors made sailing safer. A new hoisting crane was installed at the station and the landing conditions improved. The external form of the lighthouse has remained unchanged since that year, and technical equipment and original building elements have been preserved. The lighthouse station was manned from 1867 until it was automated in 1975. A sea cable has provided Stabben with electricity since 1965.
The lighthouse is now listed in accordance with the Directorate for Cultural Heritages National Lighthouse Preservation Plan.
Text: Fylkesarkivet Sogn og Fjordane www.fylkesarkivet.no